Acetaminophen, even when paired with light to moderate alcohol consumption — one drink for a female and two drinks for a male — can increase the risk of kidney dysfunction by 123 percent, according to new research presented at the American Public Health Association’s 141st Annual Meeting in Boston.

The dangers of consuming drugs like acetaminophen, the active ingredient found in Tylenol, with alcohol has been known for some time. Recent coverage of the topic by ProPublica and the podcast, This American Life, for example, highlighted this health risk, with a particular focus on exceeding proper acetaminophen dosage and the dangerous effects on one’s liver when combining alcohol and Tylenol.

However, researchers in this study were able to identify and quantify the risk of even small quantities of alcohol when paired with acetaminophen as it relates to kidney damage. Survey data that inquired about alcohol consumption, use of acetaminophen and health conditions informed the results of the study.

“Where this becomes a greater concern is among young adults who have a higher prevalence of alcohol consumption,” said Harrison Ndetan, lead researcher in the study. “These findings highlight a serious concern among health professionals who deal frequently with pain patients, particularly those with mild pain who are more susceptible to consuming both.”

The research was presented at APHA’s Annual Meeting themed this year, “Think Global Act Local.” The study was presented as a part of a session in Monday’s program, “Prevention and public health in clinical practice.”